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Exploring Types of Coffee Beans And How To Choose Them

Walking down the coffee aisle of your local grocery store, you're likely to encounter a plethora of options boasting various flavors, roasting profiles, and origins. But amidst the sea of choices, one common label stands out: Arabica. Ever wondered why Arabica dominates the market? What about the lesser-known varieties like Robusta, Liberica, and Excelsa? In this guide, we will explore different types of coffee beans in India and uncover the unique characteristics that define each type.

Different Types of Coffee Beans

Coffee aficionados are familiar with the names Arabica and Robusta, but there's more to the story. Let's delve deeper into the four primary types of coffee beans:

1. Arabica

arabica Coffee beans

Arabica reigns supreme in North America, thanks to its sweet, delicate flavor profile and low acidity. Cultivated in high-altitude regions with ample rainfall, Arabica beans require meticulous care due to their disease susceptibility. Despite the challenges in cultivation, Arabica's popularity persists, with Brazil leading as the world's foremost exporter. However, its taste may diminish when served cold or blended with milk, making it an ideal choice for purists seeking a simple yet flavorful cup of coffee.

Making Money from Arabica Plantation

Investing in Swasya Living's managed farmland means you can make money from growing Arabica coffee. Here's how it works: you buy a share of the land, and when the coffee beans are harvested and sold, you get a cut of the profits. It's like being part of a farming community where everyone shares in the earnings from the crops. Plus, they also grow pepper and arecanut, so you have the chance to earn even more from your investment.

2. Robusta

Robusta coffee beans

Robusta, as the name suggests, is known for its robust flavor and high caffeine content. Popular in Europe, the Middle East, and Africa, Robusta beans boast resilience against pests, thanks to their natural caffeine content acting as an insect repellent. While Robusta's taste is often described as strong and sometimes harsh, its ease of cultivation makes it a cost-effective option for certain applications like instant coffee or dark roasts. Despite its reputation, high-quality Robusta beans can offer delightful hints of chocolate and rum, making them a hidden gem for adventurous coffee drinkers.

3. Liberica

Liberica coffee beans, though rare, offer a pleasant surprise with their fruity aroma and woody taste. Historically, Liberica enjoyed popularity until the spread of coffee rust devastated Arabica plants, leading to a search for alternatives. The Philippines emerged as a major producer of Liberica, fueling economic growth until geopolitical factors led to its decline. Today, Liberica remains a rarity, cherished by those fortunate enough to experience its unique flavor profile.

4. Excelsa

A member of the Liberica family, Excelsa stands out for its tart, fruity flavor, and the ability to blend attributes of both light and dark roast coffees. Grown primarily in Southeast Asia, Excelsa represents a small fraction of global coffee production but attracts enthusiasts seeking a distinctive coffee experience.

After looking at 4 types of coffee beans, let’s look at how to choose them.  

How to Choose a Coffee Bean?

Choosing from different types of coffee beans in India can feel like a daunting task with the myriad of options available. Let's explore the key factors to consider when selecting coffee beans:

 Varietal/Cultivar (Bean Variety)

  • Arabica Coffee Beans: Known for their smooth, sweet, and delicate flavor profile with sugary chocolate undertones. Arabica beans can also exhibit wine, fruit, or berry notes.

  • Robusta Coffee Beans: Robusta beans are earthier and grittier with a heavier body and a bitter aftertaste. They are more abundant and cost less than Arabica beans, often used in blends to enhance body and crema.

Single Origin Coffee vs. Blends

  • Single-Origin Coffee: Harvested from a specific region or country, offering unique flavors influenced by soil and climate conditions. Examples include Sumatra Mandheling, Brazil Cerrado, and Hawaiian Kona.

  • Blends: Consists of beans from multiple regions, providing a well-balanced flavor profile. Blends are often a combination of Arabica and Robusta beans, offering harmonious taste with various flavor notes.

Roast Level

  • Dark Roast: Less acidic with deep, smoky flavors. Ideal for espresso or cold brew.

  • Medium Roast: Well-rounded flavor profile with moderate acidity and fruitiness. Perfect for espresso or pour-over.

  • Light Roast: Vibrant flavor profile with sharp acidity and gentle body. Great for pour-over or drip coffee.


  • Freshly roasted coffee offers the best flavor experience. Look for beans roasted within 7 to 21 days of the roast date.

  • Check the roast date on each coffee bag and opt for the freshest option available.

Final Thoughts

Next time you're in the coffee aisle, armed with this knowledge, you can explore types of coffee beans in India with confidence. Whether you're sticking to your favorite Arabica brew or trying out something new like Liberica, each cup is a chance to discover a whole new world of flavors. So go ahead, pick your beans, brew a cup, and enjoy the journey, one sip at a time!


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